Resources for Northern California Mining Records


ALPINE COUNTY


IN THE ALPINE COUNTY RECORDER OFFICE

Mining district Records: Monitor District, 1863-1895; Mogul District, 1874-1891

Mining Record 1874-date, 6 volumes


Historical Records Commission


Markleeville Library and Archives


Alpine County Museum



AMADOR COUNTY


IN THE AMADOR COUNTYRECORDER OFFICE

Mining Claims, 1862-date, 9 volumes

Quartz Claims, Certificates of Location, 1897-1906

Preliminary Locations, 1897-1905

Proofs of Labor, 1909-date

Mining District Records: Clinton District, 1870-1897; Jackson District, 1863-1894; Plymouth District, 1863-1893; Robison District, 1877; Volcano District 1858-1893


Kennedy Mine Foundation


Amador County Surveyor


Amador County Superior Court


Amador County Historical Society


Amador County Library

Microfilm of U.S. Census, historic Amador County newspapers, books on Amador County history, law library, mining collection including State Mineralogist Reports, microfiche bride and groom indexes


BUTTE COUNTY


IN THE BUTTE COUNTYRECORDER OFFICE

Mining Claims and Water Claims, 1852-date, 14 volumes

Mining District Records: Oregon Gulch, 1853-1896; Forbestown, 1863-1893; Lovelock, 1865-1897; Magalia, 1878-1888; Cherokee, 1880-1897


Index to Mining Claims

24 pgs


Butte County map of Mining Claims



CALAVERAS COUNTY


IN THE CALAVERAS COUNTYRECORDER OFFICE

Mining Claims, 1852-date, 32 volumes

Mining District Records: Angels, 1855-1874; Carson Creek, 1852-1855; Foremans, 1857-1879; Glencoe, 1850-1874; Stanislaus, 1870-1872


Calaveras County Archives

Deeds, mining claims, probate and other official records covering early 1850s-1854 when Amador County was a part of Calaveras County.


Calaveras County History – Mining


Oral History Transcribed of Miner inCalaveras County



COLUSA COUNTY


IN THE COLUSA COUNTYRECORDER OFFICE

Mining Claims, 1864-date, 5 volumes

Mining District Records: Sulphur Mining District 1863-1872, 1877-1879



DEL NORTE COUNTY


IN THE DEL NORTE COUNTYRECORDER OFFICE

Deeds, Mining claims, 1860-1878

Mining District Records: Rockland, 1862-1863

Locating Notices and Mining Claims, 1860-date, 10 volumes

Proofs of Labor, 1892-date



EL DORADO COUNTY



IN THE EL DORADO COUNTYRECORDER OFFICE

Mining District Records: El Dorado District, 1863-1883, 1890-1905

Locations, 1850-date, 21 volumes

Notices of Non-liability, 1907-date

Proofs of Labor, 1896-date


Mines of El Dorado County

86 pgs


Clarksville Region HistoricalSociety


El Dorado County Historical Museum


El Dorado County Historical Society


Heritage Association of El DoradoCounty




GLENN COUNTY


IN THE GLENN COUNTYRECORDER OFFICE

Mining Claims, 1900-date

Index to Mining Locations


HUMBOLDT COUNTY


INTHE HUNBOLDT COUNTY RECORDER OFFICE

Mining Claims and Water Rights, 1874-date


LAKE COUNTY


IN THE LAKE COUNTYRECORDER OFFICE

Mining Claims and Proofs of Labor, 1900-date

Mining District Records: Lake; Lower Lake; Mammoth Ledge


LASSEN COUNTY


IN THE LASSEN COUNTYRECORDER OFFICE

Mining Claims, 1857-date

Mining District Records, 1883-date


Lassen Historical Museum




MARIPOSA COUNTY


IN THE MARIPOSA COUNTYRECORDER OFFICE

Court of Sessions

"Quartz Record, No. 2"

1850-1852, 1 v.

Mining locations notices, mortgages and other instruments relating to mines

Deeds 1- 32 A-Z

Mining Deeds

Mine Names Index

Mine Records

Proof of Labor

Index to Locator of Mines

Notice of Location (mines)

Mining Records:

Claim Locations, 1852-1865

Location Fee Books, 1911 - date

Preliminary Locations of Placer Claims, 1851; 1897-1906

Certificate of Location of Placer Claims, 1897-1899

Quartz Claims, 1897-1911

Index of Locators of Quartz Claims

Index of Quartz Mines


Mariposa Research




MENDOCINO COUNTY


IN THE MENDOCINO COUNTYRECORDER OFFICE

Mining Claims, 1865-date

Mining District Records: Ukiah, 1863-1867




MODOC COUNTY


INTHE MODOC COUNTY RECORDER OFFICE

Mining Claims, Notices, 1876-date



NAPA COUNTY


IN THE NAPA COUNTYRECORDER OFFICE

Mining Deeds, 1874-date

Mining Locations, 1874-date


NEVADA COUNTY


IN THE NEVADA COUNTYRECORDER OFFICE

Mining claims, 1856-date

Names of Claims

Names of Claimants

Mining Locations, 1850-1870

Miner's Record Book, 1856-1865

Proofs of Labor, 1909-date


NEVADA COUNTY LIBRARY

Hundreds of Books, Periodicals, & Maps

1800's Mining Articles Index From Local Newspapers

1865 Manzanita Hill Mine (PDF)

1867 - 1887 Dower Quartz Mine (PDF)

1867 Manzanita Hill Mine (PDF)

1867 Manzanita Hill Mine Map1867-San Juan-Nevada County (PDF)

1872 Gravel Channel-Grizzly Hill-Columbia-Badger Hills (PDF)

1872 Snow Point Mining Map (PDF)

1875 North Star Mine-Nevada County (PDF)

1880 French Corral Mine (PDF)

1881 Knickerbocker Mine-Nevada County (PDF)

1881 Manzanita Mine (PDF)

1881 Manzanita Mine-Sweetland-Nevada County (PDF)

1882 French Corral Mine (PDF)

1898 Birchville Mining Map (PDF)

1927 Empire Mine (PDF)

1938 Mountaineer Mine-Nevada City-California (PDF)

1938 Mountaineer Mines-Nevada City-Mining Map (PDF)

1940 No. 2 Scotia Mining Records (PDF)

1940 Scotia Mining Records No. 1 (PDF)

Undated Nevada City Mine District (PDF)

Undated Northern Gravel Mine-Nevada County (PDF)

Undated San Juan Ridge-Nevada County (PDF)

Undated-Blue Bank Grabel Mine Map-Woolsey Flat-Nevada County (PDF)


"Gold Mining in Nevada County"


114 page index of articles aboutmining 1850-1899 from local Nevada County area newspapers. Alphabetical by Mining company or Mining Claim


PLACER COUNTY


IN THE PLACER COUNTYRECORDER OFFICE

Mining Claims, 1850-date

Record of Claims of Auburn Quartz Mining District, 1865-1866



PLUMAS COUNTY


IN THE PLUMAS COUNTYRECORDER OFFICE

Placer Mining Claims, 1870-date

Quartz Mining claims, 1870-date

Mining and Water Claims, 1870-1877


Map of Abandoned Mines in PlumasCounty




SACRAMENTO COUNTY


Center for Sacramento History


Historical Context andArchaeological Research for Mining Properties

274 pgs


SHASTA COUNTY


IN THE SHASTA COUNTYRECORDER OFFICE

Mining claims

Affidavits of Labor and Improvements, 1892-date

Notice Fees, 1896-1898

Mining district Records: Dog Creek, 1875-1897; Flat Creek, 1878-1912; French Gulch, 1863-1897; Pittsburg, 1863-1896; Slate Creek, 1887-1897


SIERRA COUNTY


IN THE SIERRA COUNTYRECORDER OFFICE

Quartz Mining Claims, 1853-date

Placer Mining Claims, 1853-date

Mining District Records: Eureka Flat, 1853-1866; Poverty Hill, 1853-1860


Recording an Historic Gold MiningTown

78 pgs


Underground Gold Miners Museum


"Sierra County Gold Mining History"



SISKIYOU COUNTY


IN THE SISKIYOU COUNTYRECORDER OFFICE

Mining Claims, 1852-date, 50 volumes

Claims and Water Rights

Proofs of Labor, 1893-date

Mining District Records: Oro Fino, 1856; South Fork, 1892-1897; Canal Gulch, 1856-1860



TEHAMA COUNTY


INTHE TEHAMA COUNTY RECORDER OFFICE

Mining Locations, 1901-date


TRINITY COUNTY


IN THE TRINITY COUNTYRECORDER OFFICE

Mining Labor Affidavits, 1891-date

Mining Claims, 1856-1873

New River Mining District Records, 1884-1897


TUOLUMNE COUNTY


IN THE TUOLUMNE COUNTY RECORDER OFFICE

Mining Claims, 1851-date

Quartz Claims, 1872-date

Quartz Claims Preliminary Notices of Location, 1897-date

Quartz Claims Certificates of Location, 1898-date

Placer Claims, Preliminary Notices of Location, 1897-date

Proofs of Labor, 1909-date

Mining District Records: Table Mountain, 1855-1890; Philadelphia, 1866-1880


Tuolumne County Archives



YOLO COUNTY


IN THE YOLO COUNTY RECORDER OFFICE

Mining claims, 1861-date


Yolo County Archives

"Mining Location Notices" Gives legal descriptions of property being claimed for mining, names of partners and/or mining company, and tells type of mining to be done.

Digital Images of Book 2, Book 3, Book 4, and Book F



YUBA COUNTY


IN THE YUBA COUNTY RECORDER OFFICE

Mining Deeds, 1862-1866

Mining District Records: Brown's Valley, 1864-1896; Empire Hill & Yuba River, 1854-1864; Missouri, 1855-1884

Water Claims, 1874 – date


"Abandoned Mine Land Assessment of the North Yuba Watershed”

41 pg report



"Life in Challenge Mills, Yuba County, 1875-1915"

6 pgs



Mary Aaron Museum

Mining Claims from Mississippi Valley Mining District, Bridgeport Township, California




CALIFORNIASTATE PARKS ARCHIVES


Empire Mine State Historic Park Collection 1866-1985

Plumas-Eureka Mining Collection 1866 - 1952




UC BERKELEY: BANCROFT LIBRARY


Assay records for mines in Grass Valley, Nevada County, California, 1877-1878

Photographs of the Mother Lode mining district and petroglyphs ca. 1870

Sonora Mining Corporation records, 1900-1997

Morning Star Mining Company records, 1882-1954

Silver mining claim deeds : Alpine County, Calif., 1871-1883

Woodstock Copper, Gold & Silver Mining Company ledgers, 1863-1865

Guadalupe Mine records, 1854-1921

Johns Mining Records 1865-1906

Collection contains correspondence

Washington Mining Company records, [1869-1882]

Records of the Star of Hope Gold and Silver Mining Company, 1863-1865

Records of the Star of Hope Gold and Silver Mining Company, 1863-1865

Mariposa Land and Mining Company of California records 1863-1924

Atlanta Gold and Silver Mining Company records, 1875-1897

Excelsior Drift Gold Mining Company records, circa 1890




CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, CHICO

MERIAM LIBRARY SPECIAL COLLECTIONS


Spring Valley Mining and Irrigation Company Records 1857-1937

Sucker Flat Mine Stereographs Between 1870 and 1871

The stereographs in this collection contain photographs from between 1870 and 1871. They show hydraulic mining performed by the Gold Point Mining Company, Blue Point Gold Mine, Union Claim Mine, S.C.H.M. Company, and Rose Bar Claim at Sucker Flat, Yuba County, California



UC DAVIS: SPECIAL COLLECTIONS


Mining Collection 1854-1937

North Bloomfield Gravel Mining Company Records 1870-1903



CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY HOLDINGS


U.S. Land Office, Sacramento Records 1858-1908

Empire Mill and Mining Company Collection, 1861-1888

Angels Camp Gold Mine materials, 1937-1938

New Idria Mines Collection, 1867-1973

New Almaden Mines Collection, 1845-1944

Meadow Lake Mill and Mining Company Papers 1865-1866

Milton Mining and Water Company Papers 1873-1881


Salem & California Trading & Mining Expedition, February 15, 1849.

The company, composed of 63 men, sailed out of Salem, Massachusetts on March 19, 1849, on the barque La Grange. The ship was later hauled up to Sacramento and converted into a prison. In 1849, 124 mining companies set out from Massachusetts.


Journal of the Hartford Union Mining and Trading Company

Containing the Names, Residence, and Occupation of Each Member, with Incidents of the Voyage. Printed by J. Linville Hall.

Hall's journal ranks as one of the rarest and most interesting of all Gold Rush journals. It is regarded as the first printed journal of a California gold seeker. Hall actually printed the little book en route to California as the Henry Lee sailed around Cape Horn. More than likely, he printed the title page and preface in San Francisco. The Hartford Company numbered 122 members and included three printers and four paper makers. Like so many other companies, this group disbanded shortly after its arrival in San Francisco. Hall and a few companions then headed to the mines.


Articles of Association and By-Laws of the Hartford Union Mining & Trading Co.

Adopted, January 19th, 1849.

The Connecticut company was formed for the purpose of "Mining, Trading, Purchase and Sale of Real Estate, Navigation, Commerce, Building and Manufacturing in California." Twenty-two articles in the bylaws governed the company and detailed rules of conduct, responsibilities, provisions for a member's death, accounting procedures, and duration of stay in California. The company left New York on February 17, 1849 and arrived in San Francisco on September 13, 1849.


The Laws of Chinese Camp Relating to the Mines and Mining Claims

1854.

This volume documents the beginnings of legal authority in Chinese Camp in Tuolumne County. At the first meeting held on September 17, 1850, the miners elected Isaac Caps as mayor and Samuel G. Chamberlain as sheriff and adopted seven rules and regulations governing mining claims.


Articles of Incorporation: Yreka Water Company, Siskiyou County

October 28, 1853.

A gold strike at Yreka Flats in 1851 brought miners by the thousands to the area. It became one of the leading hydraulic mining centers, and supplying water to the miners was a vital business. According to this manuscript the object of the company "shall be to construct a race, or flume, or both, for the purpose of conducting water from the Shasta River, or from any of its branches, through Shasta Valley, in Siskiyou County, by the most eligible [sic] route, to the mines along said route, and to those above and below Yreka City."




GENERAL INFORMATION DIGITAL / ONLINE



WESTERN MINING HISTORY


THE DIGGINS



"From Commons to Claims: Property Rights in the California Gold Rush"

73 page report


"Order Without Law? Property rights During the California Gold Rush"

40 page report


The Mining Law of 1872: Digging aLittle Deeper





The types of mining claims were either lode claims or placer claims. A lode claim is one which involves minerals found in rock veins such as tin, silver or gold. A placer claim is one with minerals not found in rock veins, but through means such as open pit mining or panning


Mining claims are of four different types – Lode, Placer, Millsite, and Tunnel


California biggest mining = Copper, silver, gold, iron ore,


BLM manages the surface of public land and the Forest Service manages the surface of National Forest System (NFS) land. The BLM is responsible for the subsurface on both public and NFS land.


Mining Claim Records

While "staking a claim" is a well-known term, miners could not legally own a mining claim until 1866. Contact the County Recorder of the area where your ancestor resided to inquire exactly what records they have available. There are six different volumes of records in which mining claims are recorded - notice of location/mining claims, mining claims, water rights, bills of sales and agreements, patents, and grantor/grantee deeds.


Notice of Location of Claims

Bill of Sales of Mining Claims

Consolidation of Mining Claims

Laws of the Mining District

Minutes of the Miners Meeting of the District



Mining Claims

This is the standard recorded volume of Mining Claims, still in use today, and it also includes proof of labor notices. In certain counties you may be confronted with two sets of volumes: one for Placer claims; and the other for Quartz claims.


Water Rights

You know that your ancestor had a mining claim, but you cannot find it in the conventional Mining Claims book, cited above. Then, you need to check Water Rights. In a number of cases, a Water Right & Mining Claim were recorded as one, as Water Rights were being claimed to be used in the mining operations.


Bill of Sales & Agreements

Numerous mining claims were sold, prior to having obtained a patent to the property, and this is where you will find that document.


Patents

If you were lucky enough that your relation did quite well with a mining claim, in due to course of time, then, that person would have done the necessary work to obtain title to the property from the government. Each county has a set of their own Patent books, as well as in Sacramento


Grantor / Grantee (Deeds)

If your miner has successfully made it through the Patent process, then all subsequent transactions are recorded in the Deed Books for title purposes. If you are still having problems in locating a Deed, check the old County Assessment Records, to see if the person actually owned a Mining Claim, and if they did it should appear on the Tax Rolls.


There are other records you may want to examine at a later date, such as Court records, because there was a lot of litigation that occurred over boundary claims and water rights.


Also, Articles of Incorporation are a good source, as the early miners found it necessary to incorporate in order to sell stock to develop their mines.


If you can locate these books, then you have literally struck it rich! But this is also a big “IF.” Some counties have retained these records, others have discarded them, and then again, some have donated them to institutions. If you cannot find them, ask the Recorder where they might be, and also if they have a storage area, which many recorders do have. It could be in storage somewhere collecting dust, and most Recorders may not even be aware of those records.








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