21 July 2014

Great Indexing Project, GeneaSleepover and Lineage Societies

If you have been living under a rock lately, maybe you haven't heard about the FamilySearch Great Indexing Project.  The goal is for 50,000 people to index just one batch of records in a 24 hour period beginning Sunday July 20th at 6:00 pm and ending Monday July 21st at 6:00 pm.

To help this project along, Dear Myrtle is having a first ever "GeneaSleepover" via Google hangouts.  She and her cousin Russ Worthington will be in the hangout for 24 hours talking about everything genealogy and also serving as cheerleaders for the indexers.

 She has invited oodles of people to help keep the hangout going.  I was thrilled to be invited to appear on GeneaSleepover.  I will be joining Myrt and Russ at 6:15 am Pacific time.  The topic of discussion for this segment is all about lineage societies.

Below is a very brief list of some of the more popular lineage societies:

Any woman age 18 and over who can prove direct blood lineage to a patriot ancestor who performed military or patriotic service between 1775 to 1783.
The application must be submitted with documentation to support each and every NAME, DATES and PLACES of BIRTH, MARRIAGE and DEATH.  The documentation must also show a link from child to parent in each generation from the applicant to the patriot ancestor.

ny woman eighteen years of age or over and is descended from an ancestor who came to reside in an American Colony before 1750, and whose services were rendered during the Colonial Period.

Direct descendants of honorably discharged soldiers, sailors, and marines who served in the Union Army or navy during the War of the Rebellion of 1861-1865.

An applicant for membership must be over eighteen years of age and show proof of direct descent from one of the Mayflower passengers.

Membership is open to female descendants, and legally adopted daughters, ten years of age or over, of honorably discharged Union soldiers, sailors and marines of the Civil War, 1861 to 1865

Any woman eighteen years of age or over and is the lineal descendant of an ancestor who lived and served prior to 1701 in one of the Original Colonies.

members are descendants of a man or woman who rendered patriotic or civil service to the American Colonies prior to 4 July 1776.

Women no less than sixteen years of age who are blood descendants, lineal or collateral, of men and women who served honorably in the Army, Navy or Civil Service of the Confederate States of America, or gave Material Aid to the Cause. 

04 July 2014

My Patriot Acestors

Randy Seaver over at GenaMusings posted an article about his Revolutionary War ancestors.

What a great idea to honor our ancestors who in some way or another aided in the cause for freedom.

I have a few patriot ancestors myself and want to share them with you.

PETER BESS - 6th great grandfather
Born 1758 and died 17 February 1832 in Lincoln County, North Carolina.  He had 3 wives:  Christina Whittenburg, Elizabeth Forney and Leanna van Dyke Jenkins.  I descend through his son Boston Bess and his wife Polly Carpenter. Peter provided material aid.

JOHN TEETER BEAM - 7th great grandfather
Born 1732 in Hamburg, Germany and died 15 November 1807 in Lincoln County, North Carolina.  John had 2 wives:  Rebecca Raynolds and Elizabeth Rudolph.  I descend through his son John Derrick Beam and his wife Mary Hoyle.  John signed an Oath of Allegiance.

DAVID BOWLES - 7th great grandfather
Born 1730 in New Kent County, Virginia and died January 1807 in Bourbon County, Kentucky.  He was married to Winnie Minerva Rice.  I descend through his son Jesse Bowles and his wife Hannah Perkins. David was a Captain in the Virginia Militia.

CHRISTIAN CARPENTER - 7th great grandfather
Born 1725 in Switzerland and died 15 July 1799 in Lincoln County, North Carolina. Christian was married to Mary Kiser.  I descend through his son Peter Carpenter and his wife Susanna Cox.  Christian furnished supplies.

TOLLIVER CRAIG - 7th great grandfather
Born 1704 and died 5 August 1799 in Woodford County, Kentucky.  He was married to Mary Polly Hawkins.  I descend through his daughter Joyce Craig and her husband John Faulconer.  Tolliver was a defender of Bryant Station in 1782.

MARY POLLY HAWKINS CRAIG - 7th great grandmother
Born 1716 in King William County, Virginia and died 1 January 1804 in Scott County, Kentucky.  She was married to Tolliver Craig.  I descend through her daughter Joyce Craig and her husband John Faulconer. Mary carried water to the soldiers at Bryant's Station in 1782.

BAYLIS EARLE - 6th great grandfather
Born 5 August 1734 in Westmoreland County, Virginia and died 6 January 1825 in Spartanburg District, South Carolina.  He was married to Mary Prince.  I descend through his daughter Anna Nancy Earle and her husband Ephraim Timothy Rees.  Baylis was a footman, Cavalary Horseman and furnished a wagon and team for the militia.

NATHANIEL HAYDEN - 6th great grandfather
Born 21 February 1726 in Braintree, Suffolk County, Massachusetts and died 5 September 1812 at Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania.  He was married to Zerviah Sutton.  I descend through his son Barnabus Hayden and his wife Sarah McClellan.  Nathaniel loaned money for the war effort.

MICHAEL HOYLE - 7th great grandfather
Born 12 January 1732 in Germany and died 12 March 1792 in Lincoln County, North Carolina.  He was married to Margaret Dellinger.  I descend through his daughter Mary Hoyle and her husband John Derrick Beam.  Michael furnished supplies.

BATSON NAYLOR - 6th great grandfather
Born May 1759 in Maryland and died 7 November 1830 in Davie County, North Carolina.  He was married to Eleanor Austin Smith.  I descend through his son Benjamin Naylor and his wife Mary W. Rhodes. Batson took an Oath of Fidelity.

EPHRAIM TIMOTHY REES - 5th great grandfather
Born 17 September 1755 in South Carolina and died 21 April 1823 in Trigg County, Kentucky.  He was married to Anna Nancy Earle.  I descend through his son Thomas Prince Earle Rees and his wife Mariah Fristoe.  Ephraim was an Adjutant & Brigade Commissary.

JOSEPH REES - 6th great grandfather
Born 1732 in Duck Creek, Kent County, Delaware and died 5 March 1795 in Camden District, Richland County, South Carolina.  He was married to Ann Reynolds.  I descend through his son Ephraim Timothy Rees and his wife Anna Nancy Earle.  Joseph was a member of the South Carolina General Assembly.

EPAPHRODITUS RHODES - 6th great grandfather
Born 1735 in Christ Church Parish, Middlesex County, Virginia and died 1816 in Albemarle County, Virginia.  He was married to Ann White.  I descend through his daughter Mary W. Rhodes and her husband Benjamin Naylor.  Epaphroditus provided material aid.

RICHARD THOMAS - 5th great grandfather
Born 19 October 1758 in Orange County, North Carolina and died 13 November 1843 in Bath County, Kentucky.  He was married to Elizabeth Bowles.  I descend through his daughter Sarah Anderson Thomas and her husband Lewis Wilson.  Richard served as a Private in the 6th North Carolina Regiment.  Richard's brother was General Philemon Thomas who became famous during the War of 1812.

HENRY WILSON - 5th great grandfather
Born 1 March 1754 in Augusta County, Virginia and died 1 November 1848 in Flat Rock, Bourbon County, Kentucky.  He was married to Frances Faulconer.  I descend through his son Lewis Wilson and his wife Sarah Anderson Thomas.  Henry served as a Private, a Sergeant and an Indian Spy.

ABNER WOMACK - 5th great grandfather
Born 7 January 1764 in Prince Edward County, Virginia and died 14 February 1845 at Butler County, Kentucky.  He was married to Agnes Nancy Reed.  I descend through his daughter Camilla Womack and her husband Peter Solomon.  Abner served as a Private in North Carolina.

12 May 2014

6 Generations of my Maternal Line

Top L to R:  3rd gg Margaret Dilks Robinson, 2nd gg Laura Robinson Berry, 
                   gg Hazel Berry Harris
Bottom L to R: grandmother Mary Ellen Harris Skillman, my mother, and me

Today, over at the Olive Tree Genealogy Blog, author Lorine McGinnis proudly showed off 6 generations of her maternal line.  

I am fortunate to have photos of 6 generations of my maternal line to show off as well.  

My 3rd great grandmother is MARGARET DILKS.  She was born 16 May 1839 in Pittsburgh, Alleghney County, Pennsylvania to Arthur Dilks and Margaret Bowman.  On 28 August 1855 in the same city, Margaret married David Robinson, a recent Irish immigrant.

Their daughter, my 2nd great grandmother, LAURA CORDELIA ROBINSON was born 12 June 1862 in Pittsburgh.  The family moved to Des Moines County, Iowa the next year.  David became the blacksmith in Dodgeville which is located outside Burlington.

On 19 September 1880, Laura Robinson married William Campbell Berry II.  Their daughter, my great grandmother, HAZEL BERRY was born near Burlington on 15 July 1896.  Sometime before 1900 the Berry family moved to Allen County, Kansas.

It was there that Hazel married Hillary T. Harris on 4 November 1915 in Iola, Allen County, Kansas.  They moved across the county line to Bronson, Bourbon County which is where my grandmother, MARY ELLEN HARRIS was born on 29 September 1916.  

The Harris family moved to Garnett, Anderson County where my grandmother graduated from Garnett High School in 1934.  The day after graduating, Mary Ellen and her best friend packed a bag and went to Wichita where they both became employees of Fred Harvey as "Harvey Girls."

In 1935, when my grandfather, Darrell Kenneth Skillman, graduated from Garnett High School, he went directly to Wichita and brought my grandmother back to Garnett where they were married on 4 November 1935.

Their oldest daughter is my mother who married my father and it is from that union that I am here today.  

11 May 2014

A Panel of Pros Appearing in Merced

3 Genealogists From Northern California Are Headed Out On The Road To Merced

Umm,  sorry.  The photo above was from different road trip us girlies took.  

The Real Story: 

Two colleagues and I are headed South to Merced, California next Saturday - May 17th - to the Merced County Genealogical Society to give a presentation about professional genealogists.  Who they are, How to find them and When to hire one.

Joining me will be Corey Oiesen from Santa Cruz, California.  Corey is such a talented person.  She has her research business - Genealogy Heroes,  is the editor of the California State Genealogical Alliance newsletter and is a board member of the Association of Professional Genealogists serving as their communications officer.

Janice Sellers is the third member of the panel.  Janice is from Oakland, California and writes a blog called Ancestral Discoveries.  She is vice president of the San Francisco Bay Area Jewish Genealogical Society, a director on the board for the California State Genealogical Alliance and has worked at the Oakland Family History Center since 2000.

03 May 2014

A Present From Pauline - Remember Her?

It's been about two years since I last wrote about  my "Problem With Pauline."  Finally another piece of the puzzle arrived in the mail recently from the Idaho State Archives.  You should really read my previous posts.
Parts one through nine can be read HERE.

A quick recap of my "Problem With Pauline" - This is a collateral relation of mine. Pauline's father and my 3rd great grandfather are brothers. As a rule, for each person in my database, I like to locate a census record for each year they should appear in one.  Mary Pauline Sheern married George Benton Sanford on 8 October 1875 in Osage Mission, Neosho County, Kansas.  So I look for this couple in the 1880 census.  I find Dr. George B. Sanford in Kansas City, Missouri.  He is a dentist and states that he is married but no wife appears with him. Same thing in 1900, 1910 and 1920.  George Sanford died in 1928.  A search for Pauline by herself was not successful.  So I put this line on hold.  A couple of years later I found Pauline in a Neosho County history book. It said that Mrs. Pauline Sanford had died in a fire in Boise, Idaho on 13 September 1917.  

A check of the newspaper found that a woman did indeed die in a fire on that date, but the woman was named Mrs. Helen Hunt.  Curious, so I sent for a copy of the death certificate.  While I was waiting I did some research on Mrs. Helen Hunt and found that she owned a "rooming house" called the Ada House.  She also purchased prime lots of real estate in downtown Boise near the State Capitol as well as lots in areas soon to be developed just outside of the city limits.  In total over $250,000 worth of property.  So let's think about this - a single woman who owns a rooming house has cash on hand to purchase that much real estate?  She also homesteaded property 8 miles outside of Boise and it was that home that burned to the ground with her in it.  The death certificate arrives and it named the deceased as: Pauline Helen Hunt Sanford.  So this woman used two different names but she is most certainly my Pauline.  The following excerpts from a court record - a petition for divorce - explains where she has been.

15 Feb 1907
In the District Court of the third Judicial District of the State of Idaho in and for the County of Ada

Mary Pauline Sanford, Plaintiff
George Benton Sanford, Defendant

Married at Osage Mission, Kansas 8 October 1875

Last 5 years [since 1902] she has been a resident of Idaho

Defendant has treated plaintiff in a cruel and inhumane manner and in particular as follows:

1. "That plaintiff has at all times since the said marriage,demeaned herself as became a true and faithful wife yet shortly after said marriage defendant began a course of systematic persecution towards plaintiff, calling her "vile and reprehensible names" and "repeatedly threatened to cut her heart out."

2.  "That defendant continuously treated plaintiff as a servant stating to her that she shall not have anything whatever to do with the control of the home except to work according to his instructions."

3.  "That defendant continuously said that plaintiff and her relatives were not "bred and educated up to his standard and station in life."  Additionally defendant said that plaintiff's relatives were "socially and intellectually inferior" to said defendant."

4. "That in 1878, about three years after their said union, the defendant, in their home in Kansas City, Missouri caught hold of the plaintiff by her throat and threw her down upon the floor and choked, bruised and maltreated plaintiff in a most cruel, angry, vicious, rude, revengeful and brutal manner."

She must have been indisposed for some time and not able to carry our her wifely and servant duties because he again flew into a rage.

5. "Defendant shortly thereafter threatened to shoot plaintiff and applied to her the most vile, threatening, disgusting and nauseating names and threatened to cut her ears off."

6.  "That in 1883, about eight years after said marriage, the defendant informed the plaintiff that he had been criminally intimate and was carrying a course of undue intimacy in Kansas City, Missouri with Mrs. Newman, a female of Kansas City and informed plaintiff the he, the defendant, was privileged and had the right to do as he pleased."

This must have been an on again off again kind of thing because she continued to stay with him until March 1896 when after a particularly brutal beating she finally left and went to Cripple Creek, Colorado.  A little digging revealed that her brother James was living there at the time.  A few months later - in October - George went to Cripple Creek and convinced her to come home.

7.  "That on arriving back in Kansas City, the defendant again resumed his cruel system of persecution and cruel treatment towards plaintiff.  He informed plaintiff that he was on intimate relations with a female in Kansas City named Mrs. George Bradbury and further informed plaintiff that by reason of this illicit intercourse with Mrs. George Bradbury she had sustained a miscarriage and that he, the defendant, was obliged to advance a considerable sum of money to Mrs. Bradbury by reason of criminal intimacy and course of conduct.  The defendant then informed plaintiff that Mrs. Bradbury would be living in their residence and he would continue his intimacy with Mrs. Bradbury and ordered plaintiff not to interfere."

That was the last straw for Pauline.  The complaint says that she then left the home for the final time. I am not sure where she was from 1896 to 1902 when she first appears in Boise, Idaho.  My guess is that she was at home with George in Kansas City but when the enumerator showed up at the door George says he is married but does not name Pauline as living there.  Another cruel way to demean her.   
To me, this is a vivid reminder that people from 130 years ago lived their lives and had experiences that really are no different than people today.  Each generation thinks that they have invented new ways of behaving badly when the truth is human behaviour never changes .

29 April 2014

The Power of a Community and Social Media

I live in Stockton, California.  The City of Stockton, for the most part, doesn't ever get good press.  It has been said more than once - "No one comes to Stockton on purpose."

Well just this week a very good thing happened.  A mysterious appearance of a headstone in the parking lot of a local tire shop brought different people from the community together to return the headstone where it belonged.

A City of Stockton work crew, a city inspector, a community service officer with the Stockton Police Department, a member of the San Joaquin Genealogical Society and the Facebook group called Stockton Memories.  They all worked together to solve the mystery.

You can read the story HERE.

24 April 2014

The Naturalization Puzzle

I recently wrote about my 2nd great grandfather Fred Borgstadter and my quest to determine whether he became a U.S. citizen before he died in 1929.  You can read about it HERE.  Go ahead and click over and read the short post so you are up to speed and can follow along with my new puzzle.

The other day, I came across a post from Jennifer Holick who shared a story from the Los Angeles Times about a man who is trying restore his grandmother's U.S. citizenship posthumously because it was taken away from her  when she married a man who was not a U.S. citizen.

After reading the article I wondered if my 2nd great grandmother, Fred's wife,  had her U.S. citizenship restored before she died in 1932.

Here is what I know for certain:

  • Elizabeth was born in Beardstown, Cass County, Illinois.
  • Fred Borgstadter filed a Declaration of Intent in 1880 in Cass County, Illinois
  • Fred married Elizabeth Hobrock in 1881 in Cass County, Illinois.  Fred filed his Intent the previous year but was not a U.S. citizen at this time.
  • Fred and Elizabeth Borgstadter BOTH had to register as enemy aliens in 1918 in Lincoln County, Kansas.  In the previous post, I showed Fred's file.  Below is a page from Elizabeth's.

Fred Borgstadter filed a Petition for Citizenship on 12 February 1921 and on 18 May 1921 signed the Oath of Allegiance and became a U.S. Citizen.  But what about Elizabeth?

The Expatriation Act of 1907 defines the citizenship of women married to foreigners. Women assume the citizenship of their husbands, and a woman with US citizenship forfeits it if she marries a foreigner, unless he becomes naturalized.

So in 1907 Elizabeth lost her U.S. citizenship.  Can you imagine what she must have felt when that law was enacted?  By 1907 she and Fred had been married for almost 30 years, had 4 children and had moved to Lincoln County, Kansas where they were farmers and well known and respected in their community.

Ten years later in 1917 - to add insult to injury - they are both required to report to the U.S. Marshall.  They fill out a long form, are fingerprinted, have a "mug shot" taken and are issued ID cards they they must carry on their person at all times identifying them as enemy aliens of the United States.

When Fred was naturalized in 1921, Elizabeth was legally an alien also.  Was her citizenship restored to her when Fred became a citizen?  Would there be a record of that somewhere?

The 1907 Expatriation Act was repealed in 1922 by the Cable Act.  This was also known as the "Married Women's Act," and three important changes were made:

1. Women no longer naturalized through derivative citizenship, but must apply for their own citizenship. If married, she did not need a declaration.
2. Women no longer lost citizenship through marrying an alien, unless her husband was ineligible to become a citizen.
3. Women who lost their citizenship to an alien eligible could be naturalized and did not need a certificate of arrival if she had lived continuously in the US

If Elizabeth had her citizenship restored to her through this act, there would have been a court record.  Women who lost citizenship by marriage and regained it under Cable Act naturalization provisions had to take the Oath of Allegiance and file it in any naturalization court--regardless of her residence.  

The Cable Act was amended in 1931, allowing females to retain their citizenship, even after marrying "aliens ineligible for U.S. citizenship.  So was her citizenship restored to her under this act?

So the questions I am looking to answer are:

Is there a record from 1907 showing that Elizabeth's U.S. citizenship was taken away from her?  

Was her citizenship restored when Fred became a citizen in 1921?  If so then would there be a document showing that?

If  it wasn't restored when Fred became a citizen, then when and under what law was it restored to her?

Elizabeth died in 1932.  I hope that she didn't die without her U.S. Citizenship rightfully restored to her.  

09 April 2014

A Pressing Engagement

Last Saturday my DAR chapter had a wonderful program given by one of our own chapter members.  She brought to the meeting a small portion of her antique pressing iron collection.  She had been all over the world in her earlier traveling days and always seemed to find an iron where ever she went!

I am here to tell you that our female ancestors were not wussies.  Those irons weigh on average 5 to 9 pounds each.  Can you imagine what it must have been like for them?

For most households, one entire day (usually Monday) was devoted just to do the washing.  Water was heated in large copper pots and clothes were boiled.  Those heavily stained were rubbed with soap and scrubbed on a washboard.  After rinsing the clothes in yet another large pot of boiling water, they were fed through a hand cranked wringer then either spread on bushes or hung on a line to dry.

Although wash wringers had become common in middle class households, they were relatively easy to manufacture, and competition was stiff. The much-advertised Universal Clothes Wringer, marketed by Julius Ives & Company in New York City, outsold the one manufactured by Gunn, Amidon & Co. nearly two-to-one.   Gunn, Amison & Co. came up with a new and improved version.  Some advertising genius had the idea to place "odes to the new wringer" in newspapers all over the country.  Here are a few examples:

"Lady, fair lady, O pray have you seen 
Gunn, Amidon Co.’s Wringing Machine? 
For beauty, utility, elegance, blend 
In this gem of perfection your helper and friend."

"The rich and the poor, may every one try it, 
For the pitiful sum of eight-fifty will buy it, 
When you’ve used it yourself for many long years, 
You can leave it your daughters, the charming young dears."

Anyway, back to irons.  Like the washing, an entire day (usually Tuesday) was also devoted to ironing.  Most households used heavy flat irons, forged by the local blacksmith.  Also referred to  as "sad" irons, these flat irons are often  shaped like a triangular to make it easier to iron around buttons. These were heated on an open fire or a stove, and the metal handles had to be grasped with a thick potholder.

In 1870, a woman by the name of Mary Florence Potts, in Ottumwa, Iowa, was awarded a patent for a sad iron with that came to a point on both ends, which allowed women to iron in either direction.

Just a year later, she introduced the biggest change ever in the history of ironing:  a sad iron with a detachable, wooden handle. They were sold in sets of three irons and one handle, the idea being that two irons could be heating on the stove while one was in use.  

Here are a few books that I enjoyed to learn more about this subject:

Feminine Ingenuity: How Women Inventors Changed America
 By Anne Macdonald

Mechanical Brides: Women and Machines from Home to Office
 By Ellen Lupton

The Mrs. Potts' Sad Iron Collector's Guide
By Eric Marshall 

05 April 2014

The Ragu Challenge 3-2-1 CITE!

Dahling Dear Myrtle has come up with a fun contest that will help hone your citation writing skills and your evidence analysis thought process.  She calls it "The Ragu Challenge 3-2-1 CITE!"  Please click on the link and read all about it.  Myrt even made a short 10 minute Google+ Hangout video to explain it all which you can view HERE.

The rules are very simple:  Use 3 documents and write 2 paragraphs about 1 event AND YOU MUST write citations for your sources.

For my entry, I am going to interpret the "event" as a research question.

The research question - Did John Fred Borgstadter become a naturalized citizen of the United States before his death on 5 March 1929?

Document #1 - Declaration of Intent for John F. Borgstadter

I found this record on microfilm from the Family History Library.  
Citation - First (Full) Reference Note
Declaration of Intent for John F. Borgstadter, 12 February 1880,  Cass County, Illinois naturalization records, ca. 1837-1921, Springfield, Illinois : State of Illinois, Registration and Education, Microfilm Division, 1984; Declarations of Intent, Circuit Court 1859-1899, FHL US/CAN Film 1,688,535.

Document #2 - 1900 U.S. Census for Fred Borgstadter

I found this record online at the FamilySearch website.
Citation - First (Full) Reference Note
1900 U.S. census, Lincoln County, Kansas, population schedule, Elkhorn Township, enumeration district (ED) 62, sheet 14B, dwelling 314, family 315, Fred Borgstadter household; digital image, FamilySearch.org   (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MMT1-PDJ : accessed 04 Apr 2014); citing National Archive microfilm publication T623, FHL microfilm 1240486.

Document #3 - Enemy Alien Registration Affidavit for Fred Borgstadter

This record I am not sure how to cite.  I found the name Fred Bargstadter in an online index of Enemy Alien Registrations at the Kansas Council of Genealogical Societies website way back in 1999.  If a name was found in this index, the website advises one to contact NARA Central Plains Region to obtain the actual file.  So I wrote to them and they sent me the files for Fred Borgstadter and his wife Elizabeth.  Problem #1 - NARA Central Plains Region no longer exists, it is now the National Archives at Kansas City.  Problem #2 how do I explain all of the above - how I obtained and viewed the record (in 1999) especially now that digital image of the files are available at Ancestry.com?  Help with this would be appreciated.  In the meantime I came up with the following:
Citation - First (Full) Reference Note
Enemy Alien Registration Affidavit for Fred Bargstadter, 8 February 1918; Textual Records from the Office of the U.S. Marshal for the District of Kansas 1917-1921, NARA Identifier: 289130; Record Group 118: Records of  U.S. Attorneys, 1821-1994; National Archives at Kansas City (RM-KC), 400 West Pershing Road, Kansas City, Missouri.

Two Paragraphs

In 1880 Fred Borgstadter files a Declaration of Intent to become a U.S. citizen with the Circuit Court in Virginia, Cass County, Illinois.  Twenty years later in Lincoln County, Kansas, the 1900 U.S. census record for Fred Borgstadter indicates that he is a naturalized citizen. A thorough search was done in the court records of  Cass County, Illinois and Lincoln County, Kansas but no  petition for citizenship (final papers) for Fred Borgstadter was found.  However, he could have filed his petition in any courthouse between Illinois and Kansas. It would take forever to look through court records in every county from Cass County to Lincoln County.   If one were to stop researching at this point (which I did in 1999) and evaluate the information in the two records, it is easy to come to the conclusion that Fred Borgstadter must have  been naturalized. 

A short time afterwards I found Fred Borgstadter in an online index of Enemy Alien Registrations (see above).  This registration is proof that Fred was not naturalized as of 8 February 1918.  I think is not likely that Fred ever followed through after filing his Declaration of Intent back in 1880.

FOLLOW UP:  You will never believe this - one hour after I published this post, I was following a bunch of rabbits into their proverbial holes.  One of those holes led me to an Index of Naturalization Records for Lincoln County District Court in Kansas.  For years I have been looking for these records.  There is no microfilm for any kind of court records for Lincoln County, Kansas at the Family History Library. I sent an email to the clerk of the court asking for instructions on how to obtain these records.

Geeeez Louizzzzee - I thought this challenge of Myrt's was going to be a fairly simple task.  I am extremely grateful I did decide to participate. 

02 January 2014

DNA and National Society Daughters of the American Revolution

DAR Begins Accepting DNA Evidence 
Launches New Online DNA Genealogy Class
Which is Open to the Public

Although no single DNA test can point to a specific ancestor, advances in the science and interpretation of DNA testing have placed the DAR in a position to begin accepting DNA evidence in a limited manner within the context of traditional genealogical evidence. 

Many advances have been made in the testing and interpretation of DNA results for use as evidence in genealogical research, but the information is still very complex. With the new DAR policy, DNA test results can be used for evidence of lineage for DAR applications or supplemental applications, but specific criteria must be met. To help navigate how individuals can use DNA as a piece of evidence for a DAR application, the DAR is launching an online genealogy class “DNA and DAR.”

The “DNA and DAR” online course will provide an introduction to the basics of DNA and applying DNA to genealogical research along with the impact of DNA on the process of documenting a DAR application. The course will cover other topics such as guidelines for using DNA for DAR applications; case studies for determining whether DNA evidence is an appropriate avenue of research for a particular application and the steps you would take to take the test and how to interpret the results; along with specific instructions for submitting the application with the DNA report. The “DNA and DAR” online course is open for anyone to participate and costs $100. For more information and to enroll, visit the  DAR Genealogical Education Program website.

DAR begins accepting Y-DNA evidence, effective January 1, 2014, in support of new member applications and supplemental applications. DNA evidence submitted along with other documentation will be considered along with all of the other source documentation provided to prove heritage. Y-DNA will not be considered as stand-alone proof of linage because, while it can be used as a tool to point to a family, it cannot be used as absolute proof for an individual. For those applicants wishing to submit DNA evidence as proof of lineage along with their other traditional proof documentation, they must submit Y-DNA test results from at least two test subjects following criteria outlined in the guidelines and test requirements for Using DNA Evidence for DAR Applications.

Identifying the specific types of situations in which DNA can be accepted by the DAR, as well as the testing and reporting methods for the surrogate Y-DNA test subjects, are outlined in documents that can be found HERE

Additional information for members and the public to help them learn about this new policy for the DAR application process, including communications, educational materials, guidelines and procedures, can be found HERE